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哈佛大学经济学系Richard Freeman教授学术讲座
发布时间:2018-11-23   发布人: 管理员   浏览次数:406

报告人: Richard Freeman 哈佛大学经济学系Herbert Ascherman 教授

题  目:Bigger Than You Thought: China's Contribution to Scientific Publications and its impact on the Global Economy

 

时  间:2018年12月3日(周一)下午2点

地  点:信息管理学院A211会议室

主持人:李江 教授

 

报告人简介:

Richard Freeman现任哈佛大学经济学系教授,美国艺术与科学院院士,从事劳动力与职业生涯研究,详细简历参见:https://scholar.harvard.edu/freeman

报告摘要:

China' s advance to the forefront of scientific research is one of the 21st century's most surprising developments, with implications for a world where knowledge is arguably “the one ring that rules them all”. This paper shows that China's contribution to global science exceeds standard addressed-based measures of publications, which ignore Chinese researchers with non-China addresses and most of the huge expansion of Chinese language scientific journals. Taking account of these contributions, we attribute to China 36% of 2016 global scientific publications, with Chinese language publications adjusted for rough equivalence to articles in largely English international journals. Improvements in the quality of Chinese research papers, evinced by increases in their citations, particularly from non-Chinese addressed papers, gainsays criticisms that China's scientific advance is in quantity not quality of research. Taking account of papers with China addresses, Chinese researchers with non-China addresses and the expansion of Chinese language journals, we find that 37% of three year forward citations to papers published in 2013 are attributable to Chinese research. We make the case that China has established a new comparative advantage in knowledge that will impact trade and the division of labor among countries and the future direction of research and technological and economic change around he world.